4th Year: Advanced Geomorphology


The aim of this course is to introduce the students with various geomorphic environments and their geomorphic features.  At the end of this course, students will have the capacity to apply the geomorphological knowledge in various stages of land and land-use planning.


GETh 401: Geomorphology-2                                                   3 Credit Hours
  1. Geomorphological Processes and Environments:

       1.1 Exogenetic Processes and Endogenetic Processes

       1.2 Aggradation and Degradation: Process & Environment

              1.2.1 Weathering, Erosion, Denudation

              1.2.2  Mass Movements and Mass Wastings

              1.2.3 Transportation of Eroded Materials

              1.2.4 Deposition/Sedimentation/Siltation

  1. The Humid Geomorphic Environment 

       2.1 Running Water and Streams: Origin & Evolution of Streams, Classification

             2.1.1 Drainage Patterns & Channel Patterns

       2.2 Process of Valley Development

       2.3 Stream Processes

                   2.3.1 Erosion

                   2.3.2 Transportation

                   2.3.3 Sedimentation and Deposition

       2.4 Floods

                   2.4.1 Nature

                   2.4.2 Causes

                   2.4.3 Consequence

  1. The Arid Geomorphic Environment 

       3.1 Environmental Characteristics

                   3.1.1 Desert Environment

                   3.1.2 Semi-Arid Environments

       3.2 Fluvial Process in Arid Environment

                   3.2.1 Pediments and Pediplains

       3.3 Wind and Aeolian Land Forms

  1. The Glacial and Periglacial Geomorphic Environments: Process and Products

       4.1 Erosional

       4.2 Depositional

  1. The Marine and Coastal Geomorphic Environment

       5.1 Tides

       5.2 Waves

       5.3 Currents

             5.3.1 Coastal Geomorphic Processes and Products

             5.3.2 Deltas: Formation and Structures

  1. Palaeo-Geomorphology:

       6.1 Geochronology : Techniques (i.e. Dendro-chronology etc)

       6.2 Palaeo-Climatology

       6.3 Past-Geomorphological Environments: Process and Products

  1. Models in Geomorphology
  1. Applied Geomorphology

       8.1. Geomorphology and Agriculture

       8.2. Geomorphology and Industry

       8.3 . Geomorphology and Transport

Selected Readings
  1. Thornbury, W. D.  Principles of Geomorphology
  2. Sharma, V. K., Geomorphology: Earth Surface, Process and Forms
  3. Small, R. J., The Study of Landforms
  4. Sparks, B. W., Geomorphology
  5. King, L. C., Morphology of the Earth
  6. Chorley et. al. Geomorphology
  7. Emblemton, C & Thomas J. Process in Geomorphology
  8. Holmes, A. Principles of Physical Geology
  9. Leopold, W. and Miller., Fluvial Process in Geomorphology
  10. Viles, H. and Spencer, Tom . Coastal Problems
  11. Engeln, O. D., Geomorphology
  12. Twidate, C. R.,  Analysis of Landforms
  13. Stoddart, D. R. (ed.)., Process and Forms in Geomorphology

Monday: 9.00-9.50 AM

Wednesday: 11.00-11.50 AM


Lecture-1:  Concepts, views and approaches in Geomorphology

Lecture-2: Geomorphological Process: Types, Characteristics, Process of land formation, Catastrophic Process, Evolutionary Process: Erosion, Transportation, deposition

Lecture-3: Development of Slope, Slope analysis

Lecture-4: Mass Wasting and  Landslides; Characteristics, Transportation of Eroded Materials, Factors, Landslides in Bangladesh,

Lecture-5: The Humid Geomorphic Environment: definition, Characteristics, regional and seasonal context, Geomorphological implication

Lecture-6: Running Water and Streams: Origin & Evolution of  rill, gullies, streams, drainage Pattern, morphometric analysis, hydro-morphological implication

Lecture-7: Channel Patterns: Characteristics of channels, Process of Valley Development; Hydraulic geometry, longitudinal and cross profile.

First In-Course Examination

Lecture-8: Stream flow: Laminar Flow, Turbulent Flow: Steam Velocity, Discharge

Lecture-9: Stream Processes; Erosion,;- Erosional Features, Transportation, Sedimentation and Deposition;- Depositional Features, Characteristics

Lecture-10: Floods; Definition;  causes, types, discharge measurements, velocity, flow, hydrograph, consequence,

Lecture-11: Flood Control, Flood Management, Views, FAP, Flood control in Bangladesh

Lecture-12: Flood Plain: Morphology, Ecology, Wetland, Floodplain Management

Lecture-13: Delta: Definition, Types, formation, Characteristics, Global context, Asian Mega deltas, Evolutionary history, Bengal Delta, sedimentary sequences

Lecture-14: The Arid and Semi-arid Geomorphic Environment: Environmental Characteristics; Desert Environment; Semi-Arid Environments; Fluvial Process in Arid /semi-arid Environment; Pediments and Pediplains

Lecture-15: Wind and Aeolian Process: Erosion, Transportation, deposition, Erosional Land Forms; Depositional landform.

Lecture-16: The Glacial and Peri-glacial Geomorphic Environments: Process and Products; Erosional Features; Depositional Features

Lecture-17: Karst Topography: Conditions for Karst Development; Karst Features; erosional, depositional

Lecture-18: Marine Environment: Definition, Types, Characteristics, Ocean Floor topography, shelf, slope, Bay of Bengal

Lecture-19: Coast: Definition, Delineation, Classification, Major environmental gradients,  and characteristics

Lecture-20: Coastal Geomorphic Processes and Products; Waves, Tides, Winds, Ocean current

Lecture-21: Coastal Sediment Dynamics: Basic Concept of Sediment transport, Sediment sources, sizes, distribution

Lecture-22: Coastal Landform: Erosional Features;  Depositional Features, Bangladesh Coast

Second In-Course Examination/Oral/Assignment

 Lecture-23: Palaeo-Geomorphology: Definition, nature, scope, environmental implication, human evolution, civilization,

Lecture-24: Palaeo-climatology, Sea-level change, land bridge and human migration,

Lecture-25: Methods of Reconstruction: Geomorphological evidence, Lithological Evidence, Fossil Evidence (pollen and diatom analysis)  and  Chronological evidence (C14 dating, dendrochronology)

Lecture-27: Models in Geomorphology: Definitions, Types, characteristics

Lecture-28: Applied Geomorphology; Application of Geomorphological knowledge, Landuse Planning, Urbanization, agriculture. Transport, etc


Last Updated on November 25, 2020 4:23 AM